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Chicago Style Guide (16th edition)
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Chicago style is recommended for many History and Religion assignments.  Check your course syllabus or ask your professor to make sure you are using the correct citation style.

All examples and FAQ's are taken from the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of StyleFour copies of this book can be found at the various Reference and Help desks in the library - LB2369 .C5 2010  

There are 2 examples listed for each type of citation- the note citation form, for footnotes or endnotes, and the bibliography form, for using in the works cited or bibliography at the end of the paper. The notes allow space for unusual types of sources as well as commentary on the sources cites, making this system extremely flexible.

Additionally, Chicago style's foodnotes allow for 3 forms of notes. The first time you use a reference in your paper, you use the full note form. The second time you use the reference, you use a shortened note. The shortened note has the author's name, a logical shortened title, and the page number you referenced.

Example:

2. Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything (New York: William Morrow, 2005), 20-21.

10. Levitt, Freakonomics, 21.

The third note form is Ibid. Ibid. is an abbreviation for the Latin adverb ibidem, meaning "in the same place, in that very place." You use Ibid. for a second reference of the same source. You can simply use Ibid. if you are citing the same page numbers, or use Ibid., page number if you are citing the same source with a new page number.

Example:

2. Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything (New York: William Morrow, 2005), 20-21.

10. Levitt, Freakonomics, 21.

11. Ibid.

12. Ibid., 25.

 

  Books (Print) (14.68-14.165)

Note:
1. Author first name last name, Title (Publication place: Publisher, date), page number.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. Title. Publication place: Publisher, date.

Note:
1. David Sheilds, The Thing about Life Is That One Day You'll Be Dead (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008).
Bibliography:
Sheilds, David. The Thing about Life Is That One Day You'll Be Dead. New York: Alfred A. Knopf,
         2008.

Note:
2. Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything (New York: William Morrow, 2005), 20-21.
Bibliography:
Levitt, Steven D. and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden
         Side of Everything
. New York: William Morrow, 2005.

  Electronic Books (14.166-14.174)

Downloaded books:

Note:
1. Author first name last name, Title (Publication place: Publisher, date), Digital edition.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. Title. Publication place: Publisher, date. Digital edition.

Note:
1. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2008), Kindle edition, chap. 23.
Bibliography:
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2008. Kindle edition.

Books consulted online:

Note:
1. Author first name last name, Title (Publication place: Publisher, date), URL or doi.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. Title. Publication place: Publisher, date. URL or doi.

Note:
1. Elliot Antokoletz, Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008), http://www.oup.com/antokoletz.asp.
Bibliography:
Antokoletz, Elliot. Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok. New York: Oxford
         University Press, 2008. http://www.oup.com/antokoletz.asp.

  Chapters in Books (14.111-14.114)

Contribution to a multiauthor book:

Note:
1. Author first name last name, "Chapter Title," in Book Title, ed. Editor name (Publication place: Publisher, date), page number.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. "Chapter Title." In Title, edited by Editor name, page numbers of chapter. Publication place: Publisher, date.

Note:
1. C. P. Jones, "Stigma and Tattoo," in Written on the Body: The Tattoo in European and American History, ed. Jane Caplan (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000), p. 14.
Bibliography:
Jones, C. P. "Stigma and Tattoo." InWritten on the Body: The Tattoo in European and American          History, edited by Jane Caplan, p. 4-20. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

  Online Journal Articles (14.178-14.198)

Journal vs. magazine: journal is used for scholarly or professional periodicals available mainly by subscription. Journals are normally cited by volume, issue number, and date.

Note:
1. Author first name last name, "Article Title," Journal Title Vol., Issue (date): page range or
reference, URL.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. "Article Title." Journal Title Vol., Issue (date): page range. URL.

Note:
1. Judith Lewis, "'Tis a Misfortune to Be a Great Ladie': Maternal Mortality in the British Aristocracy, 1558-1959," Journal of British Studies 37 no. 1 (1998): 26-53, http://www.jstor.org/stable/176034.
Bibliography:
         Lewis, Judith. "'Tis a Misfortune to Be a Great Ladie': Maternal Mortality in the British Aristocracy, 1558-1959." Journal of British Studies 37 no. 1 (1998): 26-53.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/176034.

  Print Journal Articles (14.175-14.198)

Journal vs. magazine: journal is used for scholarly or professional periodicals available mainly by subscription. Journals are normally cited by volume, issue number, and date.

Note:
2. Author first name last name, "Article Title," Journal Title Vol., issue (year): page range or
reference.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. "Article Title."Journal Title Vol., issue (year): page range.

Note:
2. Ann Grodzins Gold, "Grains of Truth: Shifting Hierarchies of Food and Grace in Three Rajasthani Tales," History of Religions 38, no. 2 (1998): 156.
Bibliography:
Gold, Ann Grodzins. "Grains of Truth: Shifting Hierarchies of Food and Grace in Three Rajasthani
         Tales." History of Religions 38, no. 2 (1998): 150-71.

  Online Magazine Articles (14.199-14.202)
Journal vs. magazine: journal is used for scholarly or professional periodicals available mainly by subscription. Magazine is used for the kind of weekly or monthly periodical- professionally produced, more accessible to general readers. Magazines are usually cited by date only- the date, being essential, is not enclosed in parentheses.

Note:
1. Author first name last name, "Article Title," Magazine Title, date, URL or doi.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. "Article Title." Magazine Title, date, URL or doi.

Note:
1. Wendy Cole and Janice Castro, "Scientology's Largesse in Russia," Time, April 13, 1992,
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,975290,00.html.
Bibliography:
Cole, Wendy and Janice Castro. "Scientology's Largesse in Russia." Time, April 13, 1992,
         http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,975290,00.html.

  Print Magazine Articles (14.199-14.202)

Journal vs. magazine: journal is used for scholarly or professional periodicals available mainly by subscription. Magazine is used for the kind of weekly or monthly periodical- professionally produced, more accessible to general readers. Magazines are usually cited by date only- the date, being essential, is not enclosed in parentheses.

Note:
1. Author first name last name, "Article Title," Magazine Title, date, page range or reference.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. "Article Title." Magazine Title, date.

Note:
2. Michael Frank, "La Concha Revival: San Juan's Tropical Modernist Gem Makes a Comeback," Architectural Digest, August 2009, 103-4.
Bibliography:
Frank, Michael. "La Concha Revival: San Juan's Tropical Modernist Gem Makes a Comeback."
         Architectural Digest, August 2009.

  Newspaper Articles (14.203-14.213)

The name of the author (if known) and the headline or column are cited. The month, day, and year are indispensable elements, and because an issue may have several editions, that may be included. To cite and article consulted online, include the URL.

Note:
1. Author first name last name, "Article Title," Newspaper Title, date, page range or reference, URL.
Bibliography:
Author last name, first name. "Article Title." Newspaper Title, date. URL.

Note:
2. Julie Bosman, "Jets? Yes! Sharks? Si! in Bilingual 'West Side,'" New York Times, July 17, 2008, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/17/theater/17bway.html.
Bibliography:
Bosman, Julie. "Jets? Yes! Sharks? Si! in Bilingual 'West Side." New York Times, July 17, 2008.
         http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/17/theater/17bway.html.

  Manuscript and Archival Collections (14.232-14.242)

In a note, the main element of a manuscript citation is usually a specific item (letter, memo, etc.) and it cited first. In the bibliography, the main element is either the collection where the item may be found, the author(s) of the items, or the depository for the collection.

Note:
1. Specific item, date or volume, file number or accession number, Collection Name, Repository
Name, Location.
Bibliography:
Collection Name, Repository Name, Location.

Note:
1. Revere's Waste and Memoranda Book (vol. 1, 1761-83; vol. 2, 1783-97), Revere Family Papers, Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston.
Bibliography:
Revere Family Papers, Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston.

  Websites (14.243)

Note:
1. Title of website, corporate author or website creator, date accessed and or updated, url.
Bibliography:
Corporate author. Title of website. Date accessed and or updated.
         Url.

Note:
2. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts,” McDonald’s Corporation, accessed July 19, 2008, http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html.
Bibliography:
McDonald’s Corporation. “McDonald’s Happy Meal Toy Safety Facts.” Accessed July 19, 2008.          http://www.mcdonalds.com/corp/about/factsheets.html.

         

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Click on a book cover to see books you can check out about each citation style.
APA Style Guide MLA Style Guide
AMA Style Guide Chicago Style Guide

 

 
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