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PHA 500: Human Gross Anatomy 6 credits
This course presents a comprehensive consideration of the human anatomy including both neuromusculoskeletal components and internal organ systems.  Systems include musculoskeletal, neurological, genitourinary, gastrointestinal, skeletal, and cardiopulmonary.   Biomechanical function, topographic and radiographic correlations, and clinical applications are emphasized.  An in-depth understanding of the gross anatomy of the human body is obtained through lecture, audiovisual, computer and gross cadaver dissection.  This is a lecture / laboratory course. (Su) Prerequisite: Admission to the Physician Assistant Program

 


PHA 501: Medical Physiology 3 credits
This course is an advanced study of the physiology of human organ systems focusing on blood and circulation, muscular, neuronal and sensory systems, renal and respiratory systems, digestion, metabolism, reproduction, and their control by the endocrine and central nervous systems that provide the basis for understanding disease and pharmacotherapeutic mechanisms. (Su) Prerequisite: Admission to the Physician Assistant Program

 


PHA 502: Patient Assessment: History and Physical Examination 4 credits
The course provides students with instruction in patient assessment and management including techniques for interviewing and eliciting a medical history, performing of a basic physical examination, and documenting patient data. At the conclusion of the course, the student is expected to be competent in eliciting a complete medical history and physical exam, appropriately documenting the exam including all positive and negative findings. Medical terminology is reviewed throughout the course. The elements of a comprehensive medical history and physical examination are presented and students practice these techniques in PHA 510. This is a lecture / laboratory course. (Su) Prerequisite: Admission to the Physician Assistant Program

 


PHA 503: Introduction to Physician Assistant Profession 1 credit
The course explores the factors affecting the development of the profession and the role of the physician assistant in today's healthcare system.  Credentialing, policies, regulations governing the scope of practice, and professional organizations for physician assistants are explored.  The course also examines quality assurance and risk management, legal issues, practice statues, and rules regulating physician assistant practice in Wisconsin. Issues of professionalism, physician/physician assistant relationships, and ethical decision-making are introduced. (Su) Prerequisite: Admission to the Physician Assistant Program

 


PHA 504: Introduction to Clinical Medicine 2 credits
This course is an introduction to clinical medicine with focus on preventive medicine, screening guidelines and treatment protocols throughout the lifecycle. Emphasis is on disease prevention with attention given to the unique needs of diverse and underserved patient populations. Clinical genetics and immunogenetics are introduced linking current research to practical clinical medicine in advancing the understanding of the molecular basis of genetic concepts to practical clinical application. Introduction to oncology, its clinical presentation, diagnostics, and therapeutics, as well the role of preventive medicine in cancer, is addressed incorporating basic knowledge of gene expression and genetic patterns. (Su) Prerequisite: Admission to the Physician Assistant Program

 


PHA 505: Clinical Medicine I 5 credits
This course integrates the pathophysiology, clinical diagnosis, and management of a spectrum of disorders in the comprehensive presentation of the various disease processes commonly encountered in primary care across the spectrum of clinical medicine.  Clinical Medicine I employs a system-oriented, problem based approach. Clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures pharmacology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, and nutrition. Organ systems covered in Clinical Medicine I include: otolaryngology, ophthalmology, dermatology, hematology, cardiology and pulmonary medicine. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 506: Clinical Medicine II 5 credits
This course integrates the pathophysiology, clinical diagnosis, and management of a spectrum of disorders in the comprehensive presentation of the various disease processes commonly encountered in primary care across the spectrum of clinical medicine.  Clinical Medicine II employs a system-oriented, problem based approach. Clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures pharmacology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, and nutrition. Organ systems covered in Clinical Medicine II include: endocrinology, gastroenterology, urology, nephrology, orthopedics, rheumatology and behavioral medicine. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 507: Pharmacology I 2 credits
Therapeutic and drug product selection, including issues of efficacy, potential toxicities, compliance, monitoring parameters, drug interactions, and cost will be studied. The student will develop a rational approach to the selection of medications to be prescribed, and studies of medications used in the treatment of acute and chronic illnesses across the lifespan. Pharmacology I runs concurrently with Clinical Medicine I and focuses on the therapeutics associated with disease states presented in PHA505. Some information will be presented in a case study format using patient scenarios to develop clinical pharmacology knowledge. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 508: Pharmacology II 2 credits
Therapeutic and drug product selection, including issues of efficacy, potential toxicities, compliance, monitoring parameters, drug interactions, and cost will be studied. The student will develop a rational approach to the selection of medications to be prescribed, and studies of medications used in the treatment of acute and chronic illnesses across the lifespan. Pharmacology II runs concurrently with Clinical Medicine II and focuses on the therapeutics associated with disease states presented in PHA 506. In addition, this course presents a review of the principles of pharmacology and examines legal and professional issues in prescribing. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 509: Clinical Diagnostics I 2 credits
This course is an introduction to radiologic imaging, clinical laboratory medicine, and ECG and cardiac diagnostics.  The ability to select, perform, and interpret the results of basic clinical laboratory procedures is essential to the physician assistant's role and responsibilities in ordering and performing diagnostic tests and analyzing a data base to aid in formulating a preliminary diagnosis and management plan.  Students emerge with an understanding of the indications for various modalities and significance of abnormal results. Diagnostics associated with the particular systems covered in Clinical Medicine I are discussed. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 510: Clinical Diagnostics II 2 credits
This course expands the student's medical, clinical and diagnostic skills.   The principles, indications, interpretation, complications of, and contraindications to labs, diagnostics and imaging studies are discussed in a systems-based approach.  This course runs concurrently with systems being covered in Clinical Medicine II. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 511: Psychology of Disease and Disability 2 credits
This course provides instruction in psychological development across the lifespan.  Concepts in counseling and patient education skills necessary to help patients and families cope with injury and illness, adhere to prescribed treatment plans, modify behaviors to more helpful patterns are presented.   This course also explores principles of violence and substance abuse, elder and child abuse and identification of prevention. This course provides instruction in the important aspects of patient care including preventive, acute, and chronic rehabilitative and end of life care.   Psychological issues involved in each aspect of care such as response to illness, injury, end of life, and stress are presented. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 512: Healthcare Systems, Health Policy and Administration 2 credits
This course gives students a foundation in healthcare system knowledge.   Students are oriented to basic components of the United States healthcare system.  Issues and questions are presented and are discussed in relation to their impact on citizens as wells as practicing physician assistants.   Topics include the historical underpinnings of healthcare policy, the healthcare system, hospitals, ambulatory care, quality assurance and risk management in clinical practice, education, personnel, financing, insurance, managed care, mental health care, long term care, and other contemporary health care issues.  Students evaluate, present, and debate pertinent issues presented in readings and lectures.  The influence of culture on health care will be discussed.  The relationship of socioeconomic status on healthcare will be explored. (May) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the spring term.

 


PHA 513: Evidence Based Medicine and Research 2 credits
This course presents a review of basic statistics and its application to evidence-based theory as it pertains to epidemiology, public health, and the practice of clinical medicine.   Modules in accessing computer based medically oriented information and medical data bases are presented.   The course emphasizes the use of literature to validate and improve the practice of clinical medicine.  Students identify, review, and critique published literature relevant to clinical settings.  Students learn to use medical literature as a tool in clinical decision-making.  (Wn) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the fall term.

 


PHA 514: Medical Ethics 2 credits
This course examines prominent ethical issues in healthcare delivery.   Students engage in discussion of ethical dilemmas relevant to clinical practice and the unique relationship of the physician and physician assistant.   (Wn) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the fall term.

 


PHA 515: Clinical Procedures 2 credits
The course provides the student with an overview of common clinical procedural skills and their indications, limitations, benefits and potential risks.   Students perform clinical procedures that will be emphasized in the clinical phase of their education with an emphasis place on aseptic technique, appropriate indications and contraindications, patient safety, and patient comfort. This is a lecture / laboratory course. (May) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the spring term.

 


PHA 516: Emergency Medicine 2 credits
This course provides a comprehensive introduction to diagnosis and treatment of common and life-threatening patient presentations in the Emergency Department. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 517: Pediatrics 2 credits
This course is an introductory pediatrics course which covers well child care, preventive pediatric medicine and the common problems encountered in the pediatric patient. The course employs a system-oriented, problem-based approach. Included in this course is a laboratory for students to practice physical exam on a pediatric patient. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 518: Geriatrics 1 credit
This course is an introduction into the biological aspects of aging, latency of disease, clinical geriatric syndromes, atypical disease presentations, drug prescribing and long term care of the elderly.  An understanding of the special considerations and knowledge needed for clinical assessment and management of this special patient population is developed. Physical examination of the geriatric patient will take place as a practicum experience utilizing standardized patients. (Wn) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the fall term.

 


PHA 519: OB/GYN 2 credits
This course presents the fundamentals of gynecology, pathophysiology, screening and diagnosis of gynecological cancers; management of women’s health problems, antenatal and postnatal care, recognition and management of complications of pregnancy, and basic management of normal/abnormal labor and delivery, and gynecological problems encountered in primary care. The pelvic exam will be taught utilizing Graduate Teaching Assistants during the semester.This is a lecture/laboratory course. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 520: Surgery 3 credits
An introduction to the role of the physician assistant in surgery and surgical procedures commonly performed. The course employs a system-oriented, problem based approach and clinical information is presented in conjunction with appropriate, correlative lectures in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, pathology, radiology, laboratory diagnostics, and nutrition. This is a lecture/laboratory course. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 521: Clinical Decision Making I 2 credits
This course is designed to expand the student’s medical knowledge base and facilitate critical thinking and clinical diagnostic skills.  The student will develop differential diagnoses and order and interpret appropriate laboratory and imaging studies.  Finally, students will demonstrate the ability to succinctly present a working diagnosis, treatment plan, and prognosis. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 522: Clinical Decision Making II 2 credits
This course brings together the knowledge and skills developed previously so that the student can perform a comprehensive history and physical examination with complex patient cases.  Critical thinking is an integral part of performing the examination through the development of a differential diagnosis and appropriate diagnostic strategies.  Content includes presentation of behavioral and social concepts in medicine including personality development, normative responses to stress, psychosomatic manifestations of illness, sexuality, basic counseling skills, and emotional problems of daily living. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 523: Practicum I 1 credit
This course is a 1-credit semester course intended to build upon basic interviewing skills that were introduced in PHA502. It will consist of a series of patient encounters, classroom discussions and readings relevant to working constructively with problems in clinician/patient communications. Common types of difficult patient interactions will be addressed. Self-awareness is emphasized as the basis upon which clinicians develop an enhanced capacity for empathic listening and responsiveness. This course helps students to develop the competencies necessary for current and evolving clinical practice in a variety of practice settings with focuses on primary care, disease prevention, health promotion, and cultural competence with an emphasis on Hispanic health care. (Su) Prerequisite: Admission to the Physician Assistant Program

 


PHA 524: Practicum II 1 credit
Consistent with the Mission Statement, Goals, and Objectives, Practicum II provides Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies students with practice-based, hands-on skills and experience which parallel didactic instruction during the semester. This course helps students to develop the competencies necessary for current and evolving clinical practice in a variety of practice settings with focuses on primary care, disease prevention, health promotion, and cultural competence with an emphasis on Hispanic health care. (Fa) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the summer term.

 


PHA 525: Practicum III 1 credit
Consistent with the Mission Statement, Goals, and Objectives, Practicum III provides Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies students with practice-based, hands-on skills and experience which parallel didactic instruction during the semester. This course helps students to develop the competencies necessary for current and evolving clinical practice in a variety of practice settings with focuses on primary care, disease prevention, health promotion, and cultural competence with an emphasis on Hispanic health care. (Sp) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the winter term.

 


PHA 526: Practicum IV 1 credit
Consistent with the Mission Statement, Goals, and Objectives, Practicum IV provides Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies students with practice-based, hands-on skills and experience which parallel didactic instruction during the semester. This course helps students to develop the competencies necessary for current and evolving clinical practice in a variety of practice settings with focuses on primary care, disease prevention, health promotion, and cultural competence with an emphasis on Hispanic health care. (May) Prerequisites: Successful completion of all courses in the spring term.

 

Clinical Rotation Overview
There are seven required and one elective clinical rotation.  Required rotations include emergency medicine, family medicine, general internal medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, prenatal care and women's health, and psychiatry and/or behavioral medicine.  Each rotation is between two and eight weeks in duration.

PHA 620: Emergency Medicine Supervised Clinical Practice 8 credits
The student is introduced to triage and stabilization of patients with life threatening conditions and procedures performed in the emergency medicine department.   Emphasis is placed on skills required to perform and document a problem oriented history and physical, formulate a differential diagnosis, order and interpret the tests necessary to confirm or rule out a primary diagnosis, and give appropriate patient education.  The student will learn strategies for interacting with patients and families in various levels of stress.  (8 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 621: Family Medicine Supervised Clinical Practice 8 credits
The student will evaluate, document, diagnose, and treat problems common in primary care/family medicine.  The student will demonstrate proficiency in office procedures commonly performed in a family medicine office.  (8 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 622: General Internal Medicine Supervised Clinical Practice 8 credits
The student will perform in-depth evaluation and ongoing treatment of patients with complex problems and/or chronic illness.  The student will evaluate and manage the effects of chronic disease on multiple body systems and perform or assist in procedures commonly done in internal medicine.  (8 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 623: General Surgical Supervised Clinical Practice 8 credits
The student will evaluate and manage patients with a variety of surgical problems.   The student will develop an understanding of the role of the surgeon, anesthesiologist, assistant surgeon, circulating nurse, scrub nurse, scrub tech, recovery room nurse, and the surgery floor nurses, aides, and techs in the care of the surgical patient.  (6 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 625: Pediatrics Supervised Clinical Practice 4 credits
The student will provide care to the neonate through adolescent in outpatient and inpatient settings.   The student will perform evaluation of the healthy pediatric patient and recognize, evaluate and treat the common illnesses and problems experienced by the neonate, infant, small child and adolescent to age 18 years.  The student will identify and manage problems in growth and development of these age groups and recognize and manage pediatric emergencies. (4 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 626: Women's Health and Prenatal Care Supervised Clinical Practice
4 credits

The student will provide care to female patients in the areas of women's health, prenatal care, and disease processes of the reproductive system.  The student will evaluate, manage, and educate female patients regarding annual exams, birth control, infertility, menstruation, sexuality, pregnancy, pre- and postnatal care, menopause, and relationships. (4 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 627: Psychiatry and/or Behavioral Medicine Supervised Clinical Practice
2 credits

The student will evaluate and manage patients with a variety of psychiatric problems.  The student will develop an understanding of the role of psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and nurses in the care of the psychiatric patient.   Students will administrator selected psychoactive pharmaceuticals.  The student will perform a psychiatric interview and mental status examination and make referrals for specialized psychiatric treatment. (4 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.




PHA 628: Elective Supervised Clinical Practice 6 credits
The student will select an elective clinical rotation, including but not limited to primary care, nephrology, interventional radiology, orthopedics, oncology, dermatology, or international medicine.  (4 weeks) Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 


PHA 630: Capstone 2 credits
This is a program‐long project requirement. Student medical investigation is interwoven throughout the curriculum and the project is completed during the clinical rotations. The student will either present a detailed case presentation utilizing the medical literature to provide evidence based discussion of the management and plan or will use the medical literature to answer a case-related medical question or controversy using an evidence-based investigational approach. The student will complete a scholarly paper and present findings as an oral presentation as well as a poster at Celebrate Carroll in April of Year 2. The student is encouraged to submit their respective project for presentation at the American Academy of Physician Assistant annual CME conference, in May of Year 2. Successful completion of the Capstone requires satisfactory completion of the summative OSCE, comprehensive written examination and Capstone project. Prerequisites:  Successful completion of year-1 courses and all previous clinical rotations.

 
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